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Advice Pages   Groundplane / Earth connection / Artificial Ground
12v / 24v Autoswitching   |    Advice on Accessories   |    Advice on Buying   |    Advice on Choosing   |    Advice on Installing   |    Base Station CB   |    CB Features and Facilities explained   |    CB For Car Enthusiast Clubs & Groups   |    CB For Caravanners   |    CB For Farms and Businesses   |    CB For Motorhomes & Campers   |    CB Lingo and slanguage   |    Choosing an EC-990 Echo Chamber   |    Handheld CB's   |    Handsfree Legislation   |    History of CB   |    How To Use An SWR Meter   |    Interference   |    PMR446 Licence Free   |    UK and EU bands compared   |   

What is a ground connection?

To work properly, an aerial has to be grounded - i.e. the “bottom” of the mount needs to have an earth.

In a fixed aerial used at home, this will be the pole going down into the ground, but on a vehicle, the actual metal of the vehicle has to do the job.

Where your mount makes contact with the vehicles’ body, you will need to scrape a bit of the paint away, so that you make a good metal to metal connection.

On Land & Range Rovers, when the aluminium is exposed to air, a chemical reaction called oxidisation starts to happen. Over a relatively short period of time this can introduce a resistance to the earth connection. Without prevention, the connection is soon lost, and your aerial is trying to work without a ground plane, with a very noticeable deterioration in performance (and the risk of damage to the set).

One method you could use is to run a short “earth strap” (heavy gauge speaker cable will do) from the bottom of the mount to a point on the chassis or elsewhere on the vehicle.

There are a couple of products available that allow you to get a good “ground plane” without having to worry about scraping paint away, or using an earthing strap...

Artificial Ground Planes

An Electronic Ground Plane. This can be fitted to a bracket or mirror mount (although too large for fitting to gutter mounts) and has a standard 3/8” aerial connection on the top, and socket for a standard CB cable plug on the bottom.

This unit simulates a connection to ground, so you do not have to worry about your metal to metal earthing. This will cure any SWR problems which are down to poor earthing, but if an aerial is in the wrong place, i.e. too close to metal around it, the EGP will not help.

Also a good way of helping to reduce interference as it allows the aerial to be completely isolated from the vehicle.

The Solarcon Ground Zero. This aerial needs a 3/8” mount to hold it upright, but unlike all other aerials, the coax actually connects to the aerial a couple of inches up it, using a special “T-Piece” which has a transformer in it to simulate a ground.

This aerial has to be mounted with at least the first few inches behind your roof or shielded in some way, as the cable is exposed and could easily be ripped off.

Marine Aerials

Marine CB aerials will usually contain an artificial ground, so they can be used in any type of boat right down to Rigid Inflatable Boats.

These are white in colour and there are a few different ones available.


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